1. a minor misalignment of the segment of the spine (vertebrae), causing an irritation to a nerve, with a loss of normal function.
2. an interruption of communication from the brain to any cell, tissue, or organ in the body.
A subluxation is a condition in which on or more vertebrae of the spine are out of alignment. This places pressure on the spinal nerve and affects the normal transmission of nerve impulses. The function and healing process of vital parts of the body is often affected.
Subluxations are caused by any stress (physical, mental, or chemical) the person cannot adapt to. In the early stages, subluxations affect only muscles, ligaments or sometimes nerves. Although extreme pain has been observed in some cases, it is more often noticed as a discomfort, or not at all. If the condition is allowed to go untreated, the body will attempt to help support the subluxated vertebra, but may deform instead. As the muscles become more rigid, the disc starts to degenerate and become arthritic. Over a period of time, the area becomes calcified, and the vertebrae will actually begin to change shape. The longer the condition is allowed to go untreated, the less chance there is for recovery. What began as a minor problem or discomfort may lead to total destruction of the joint and irreversible damage to the nerve.
The purpose of the chiropractic adjustment is to return the subluxated vertebrae to as normal of a position as possible. This will in turn remove pressure off the nerve and restore nerve function to the affected area. If detected early, a subluxation may respond well to chiropractic care with an excellent chance for a complete and painless recovery.